Basic Plotting

Basic Plotting

PyMimircache allows you to plot a variety graphs, including basic graphs to help you visualize and understand your data. Before plotting, let’s talk about the concept of time, there are two types of time concept in PyMimircache.

The first one is called virtual time, which basically is the order in the request sequence, so the first request has virtual time 1, the second request has virtual time 2, etc.

The other is real time, which is the wall clock time. It is used only when you have specified the field/column of real_time in the data.

Current supported plot types are listed in the table below

plot type description
cold_miss cold miss count VS time, how many cold misses occur every x seconds (real time and unit is the same as the unit in trace file) or every x requests (virtual time)
cold_miss_ratio similar to cold miss plot, except it shows the ratio of cold miss instead of count of cold miss
request_num the number of requests per x seconds (real time and unit is the same as the unit in trace file), virtual time does not make sense here
popularity the popularity curve of the obj in the trace, it shows how many objects have how many hits
scan_vis obj sorted by first access time and plot the requests against time, this is used to visualize “scan”
rd_distribution the reuse distribution 2d plot, it shows how many requests have reuse distance of X

To plot these figures, you can invoke twoDPlot function on cachecow obj:

>>> c.twoDPlot(plot_type, **kwargs)

All optional kwargs all listed in the table below.

arguments supported plot types description
time_mode cold_miss/request_num cold_miss_ratio time mode used in plotting, “v” for virtual time, “r” for real time.
time_interval cold_miss/request_num cold_miss_ratio the time interval/span of each sample.
logX popularity/rd_distribution boolean, whether we use log scale X-axis
logY popularity/rd_distribution boolean, whether we use log scale Y-axis
cdf popularity/rd_distribution boolean, whether we want to plot CDF
partial_ratio scan_vis the zoom in ratio, if it is 1, then no zoom in, see below for further explanation.
figname all plots the name of the figure

Cold miss plot

  • Cold miss plot: the count of cold misses in the given interval.
>>> c.twoDPlot('cold_miss', mode="v", time_interval=1000)   # the number of cold misses every 1000 requests
example cold miss

Cold miss count in virtual time

Request number plot

  • Request number plot: the number of requests in the given interval.
>>> c.twoDPlot('request_num', mode="r", time_interval=10000)   # the number of requests every 10000 seconds
example request num

Request number count in real time

Scan_vis plot

  • Scan_vis plot: it renames each obj with sequence 1, 2, 3, … N based on first access time, then plot the time of each request thereafter.
  • A pixel (X, Y) in the figure means obj Y is requested at virtual time X, a horizontal line y=Y plots the all the requests of a single obj Y.
  • The default setting will plot two figures, the first figure plots all the requests with sampling, the second figure takes first partial_ratio (0.1) of all requests and do the same plotting, which can been thought as a zoom in for the first 10% of the trace.
  • This plot is very useful when you are dealing with a block-level trace. We can see the scan very easily even if the scan is not scanning consecutive blocks.
>>> c.twoDPlot('scan_vis', partial_ratio=0.1)     # mapping plot
example mapping plot

Mapping plot

Hit Ratio Curve Plotting

To plot hit ratio curve (HRC), you can either get a profiler and plot like the ones shown in profiling, or you can use cachecow to directly plot hit ratio curves.

Using cachecow to plot HRC is easy, you just call plotHRC and pass in a list of algorithms you want to plot with:

>>> c.plotHRCs(algorithm_list, cache_params=None, cache_size=-1, bin_size=-1,
                auto_size=True, num_of_threads=4, use_general_profiler=False,
                save_gradually=False, figname="HRC.png", **kwargs)

A detailed explanation of each arguments can be found in the table below:

arguments Value type or possile value description
algorithm_list a list of algorithm All supported algorithms can be found here.
cache_params a list of cache alg parameters It is a list of the same size of algorithm_list, use None if an algorithm does not require parameters. If the list is all None, then cache_params is optional.
cache_size int The max size of cache, if -1, then cachecow will find the largest one for you automatically.
bin_size int cachecow will profiling at bin_size, bin_size*2 … cache_size, if bin_size=-1, cachecow will use cache_size//100 as default.
auto_size True/False Whether cachecow should chnage cache_size to avoid plateau at the end of HRC curve.
num_of_threads int Control concurrency in the application, default is 4.
use_general_profiler True/False Only Used for LRU profiling, the default profiler is LRUProfiler, which gives high accuracy, but has time complexity of O(NlogN), which can be time consuming on big data, if use_general_profiler=True, then cachecow will use a generalProfiler for LRU as well, which has time complexity of O(N).
save_gradually True/False On big data, the hit ratio curve plotting can be very time consuming, save_gradually will save the plot every time when one algorithm is finished.
figname string The name of the figure, filename should contain suffix


>>> c.plotHRCs(["LRU", "LFUFast", "ARC", "SLRU", "Optimal"],
            cache_params=[None, None, None, {"N":2}, None],
example HRCs

Hit Ratio Curves